Restructuring is the process of reorganizing a business. The term implies a major change as opposed to a subtle improvement. The following are common types of restructuring.
Mergers & Acquisitions
Integrating the administration, operations, technology and/or products of two firms.
Changing the legal structure of a firm such as ownership structure. For example, a business unit may become its own legal entity.
A change to a firm's capital structure such as a debt restructuring designed to allow a firm in financial distress to continue to operate.
Restructuring the administration, operations and products of an organization that is performing poorly. Often requires new leadership and a change to strategy and culture.
A strategy designed to move a firm or business unit to a new business or operational model. For example, a firm that sells software products that moves to a software services model.
Cutting administrative and operational costs in response to a downturn or anticipated downturn in revenue or margins.
Selling or closing a business unit that is unprofitable, nonstrategic or problematic in some way.
Restructuring a business unit to be its own company while retaining some ownership. A spin-off is often done to seek a high valuation for an attractive part of a business.